Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography in Nepal

Geography, the study of the Earth’s landscapes, environments, and the relationships between people and their surroundings, is a field as vast and diverse as the world itself. In Nepal, the Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography offers students an opportunity to delve into this multifaceted discipline, exploring everything from physical landscapes to human societies and cultures. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the BA in Geography program in Nepal, covering its curriculum, eligibility criteria, costs, popular institutions, future prospects, career choices, necessary skills, and how to future-proof oneself in the face of advancing technologies like AI.

Course Overview

The Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography program in Nepal is designed to provide students with a solid foundation in geographical principles, theories, and methodologies. It offers a holistic understanding of the Earth’s physical and human landscapes, equipping students with analytical skills to interpret spatial patterns and processes. The curriculum typically covers a wide range of topics, including physical geography, human geography, geographical techniques, environmental issues, regional studies, and GIS (Geographic Information Systems).

General Eligibility

To enroll in the BA in Geography program in Nepal, students typically need to have completed their higher secondary education (10+2) or its equivalent from a recognized board or institution. Additionally, some colleges or universities may have specific entrance exams or cutoff marks for admission.

Overview of Topics Taught in Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography

  1. Physical Geography: Study of Earth’s physical features, such as landforms, climates, and natural resources.
  2. Human Geography: Examination of human activities, cultures, settlements, and their interactions with the environment.
  3. Geographical Techniques: Introduction to mapping, GIS, remote sensing, and other tools used in geographical research and analysis.
  4. Environmental Issues: Exploration of environmental degradation, conservation efforts, and sustainable development.
  5. Regional Studies: In-depth analysis of specific regions, including their physical, cultural, and economic characteristics.

Average Cost to Study the Course in Nepal

The cost of studying the BA in Geography program in Nepal varies depending on the institution and its location. On average, tuition fees for the entire program can range from NPR 100,000 to NPR 400,000. Additionally, students may incur expenses for books, field trips, and other academic materials.

Some Popular Colleges/Universities Offering Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography

  1. Tribhuvan University
  2. Kathmandu University
  3. Pokhara University
  4. Purbanchal University
  5. Nepal Sanskrit University

Future Prospects after Completing Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography

Graduates of the BA in Geography program in Nepal can pursue diverse career paths in both the public and private sectors. They may find employment opportunities in government agencies, research institutes, NGOs, environmental consultancies, urban planning departments, and educational institutions.

Career Choices after Completing Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography

  1. Urban Planner
  2. GIS Specialist
  3. Environmental Consultant
  4. Cartographer
  5. Sustainability Analyst
  6. Remote Sensing Technician
  7. Teacher/Lecturer
  8. Tourism Officer
  9. Conservationist
  10. Disaster Management Specialist

Future Study Options after Completing Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography

After completing their BA in Geography, students may choose to pursue higher education through master’s or doctoral programs in geography or related fields. Advanced degrees can provide specialized knowledge and research opportunities in areas such as climatology, hydrology, urban studies, and geopolitics.

Skills to Acquire to Compliment Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography

  1. Analytical Skills: Ability to analyze spatial data and identify patterns and trends.
  2. Communication Skills: Effective communication of geographical concepts and findings through writing, presentations, and visual aids.
  3. Technical Skills: Proficiency in GIS software, remote sensing techniques, and statistical analysis.
  4. Fieldwork Experience: Hands-on experience in conducting field surveys, collecting data, and interpreting geographical phenomena.
  5. Critical Thinking: Capacity to evaluate and critique different geographical perspectives and theories.

How to Future-Proof Myself after Completion of Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography

As technology continues to advance, professionals in the field of geography need to adapt and acquire new skills to stay relevant. Embracing emerging technologies such as AI and machine learning can enhance efficiency in data analysis and spatial modeling. Additionally, continuous learning through online courses, workshops, and conferences can keep professionals abreast of the latest developments in the field.

For What Kind of Students, Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography is Most Suitable

The BA in Geography program is ideal for students who have a keen interest in exploring the world around them, understanding spatial relationships, and solving real-world problems related to environmental sustainability, urbanization, and social justice. It is suitable for those with a curious mind and a passion for both natural and social sciences.

For What Kind of Students, Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography is Not Preferable

While the BA in Geography program offers a diverse and interdisciplinary education, it may not be suitable for students who prefer highly specialized or technical fields. Additionally, those who lack interest in geography, spatial analysis, and fieldwork may find the program less engaging.

Basic Salary for Students after Completing Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography in Nepal

The salary for graduates of the BA in Geography program in Nepal can vary depending on factors such as job role, experience, and employer. Entry-level positions may offer salaries ranging from NPR 20,000 to NPR 40,000 per month, with the potential for higher earnings as one gains experience and expertise in the field.

Scholarships in Nepal Available to Study Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography

Several scholarships are available to support students pursuing higher education in Nepal, including those studying geography. Some notable scholarship programs include the Government of Nepal Scholarships, Tribhuvan University Scholarships, and various scholarships offered by private organizations and international agencies.

Some Alternative Related Courses

  1. Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Geography and Environmental Science
  2. Bachelor of Urban and Regional Planning
  3. Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Geoinformatics
  4. Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Environmental Science
  5. Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Geology


The Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Geography program in Nepal offers students a comprehensive education in geographical principles, preparing them for diverse career opportunities in fields such as urban planning, environmental conservation, and GIS analysis. With a strong foundation in both physical and human geography, graduates are equipped to address complex challenges facing our planet and contribute to sustainable development initiatives. By continuously updating their skills and embracing new technologies, geography professionals can future-proof themselves and remain at the forefront of innovation in the field.